Dr. Priyanka Aggarwal

Dr. Priyanka Aggarwal

I. Introduction

Are you experiencing extreme hair loss symptoms and don’t know why? This blog will tell you all about the causes of hair loss and how you can improve your hair’s health and embrace your natural hair growth! 

  1. Importance of healthy hair

Having hair doesn’t only serve the purpose of making us look good. The hair on our heads protects our scalps by preserving the heat and keeping us warm. Maintaining the health of our hair promotes many bodily benefits and reduces several causes of hair loss that may occur. Maintaining your hair also reduces premature hair loss. On the other hand, nobody wants to go out with unhealthy, poofy and dry or greasy hair! 

  1. Prevalence of hair loss

Seeing strands of hair collecting in your hairbrush can cause worry and make you feel like you’re the only one going through it. However, it’s important to understand and accept that you are not alone in this experience. There are plenty of people who also wonder about the causes of hair loss and how they can improve it. Hair loss is prevalent due to many reasons. Some are often due to genetics, hormones, stress, medical conditions or simply a natural part of ageing. 

  1. Purpose of the blog: Informing readers about hair loss symptoms and causes

The purpose of this blog is to inform readers about the causes of hair loss and its symptoms. This will allow readers to become aware of the condition of their hair and why they’re experiencing certain symptoms. They will also be informed about what they can do to improve the health of their hair and lessen further hair loss. 

II. Understanding Hair Loss

Anyone can lose hair and the causes of hair loss can range through various reasons. A majority include conditions pertaining to heredity, medical conditions, hormonal changes and ageing. Baldness refers to the excessive loss of hair from one’s scalp. It is more common for men to experience baldness than women. The good news is that there has been an increase in methods to promote hair growth and healthy hair. 

  1.  Definition of hair loss

Alopecia is also known as hair loss. The hair on one’s head is usually more involved. The causes of hair loss can affect a small area or the entire body, depending on its severity. Scarring or inflammation are typically absent. 

  1. Different types of hair loss conditions

The causes of hair loss can be a result of different types of hair loss conditions like:

  • Androgenetic Alopecia: It is one of the most common causes of hair loss. Often referred to as male-pattern or female-pattern hair loss, it is a genetic condition but can be treated.
  • Telogen Effluvium: When numerous hair follicles on the scalp reach the telogen phase or the resting phase of the hair development cycle but the subsequent growth phase is not initiated, the condition is known as telogen effluvium. Without new hair development, this leads to widespread scalp hair loss.
  • Anagen Effluvium: Hair loss from treatments like chemotherapy.
  • Alopecia Areata: Due to the autoimmune nature of alopecia areata, the immune system of the body attacks tissues that are healthy, including hair follicles. This stops new hair from growing and leads to becoming one of the causes of hair loss.
  • Hypotrichosis: A rare condition passed down through genetics wherein there is very little growth of hair on the scalp and body. By the age of 25, many people with hypotrichosis become bald.
  • Traction alopecia: Hair loss caused by hairstyles that pull on the scalp tightly like braids, high ponytails and dreadlocks. If the symptoms are caught early on, the condition can be reversed although the hair follicles suffer irreparable harm over time.
  1. How hair growth works

Hair growth works in cycles. The hair shaft goes through stages of rapid growth and extension between three stages by apoptotic signals. Anagen (growth), catagen (transition) and telogen (rest) are the three stages in the hair growth cycle.

III. Common Symptoms of Hair Loss

Depending on the causes of hair loss, hair loss can occur in different ways. It may occur unexpectedly or slowly and can affect only the scalp or the whole body as well. 

Some symptoms of hair loss include: 

  • The noticeable and gradual thinning of hair is caused by ageing.
  • The loss of hair is in the form of bald patches or spots that may also become itchy.
  • Temporary loosening of hair caused due to a sudden physical or emotional shock. People generally find handfuls of their hair falling out while washing or combing.
  • Some medical treatments cause excessive hair shedding all over one’s body; like chemotherapy. Once the treatment is over, the hair often grows back. 

IV. Factors Contributing to Hair Loss

Here are some factors that contribute towards the causes of hair loss.

A. Genetics and family history

B. Hormonal changes

C. Age-related hair loss

D. Medical conditions and illnesses

E. Nutritional deficiencies: Vitamin B12, biotin, riboflavin, and folate deficits have been linked to hair loss.

V. Lifestyle and External Factors

A. Stress and its impact on hair health: A significant amount of hair follicles are forced into a resting phase due to intense stress.

B. Hair care practices and their influence on hair loss: An excessive use of hair products or not using the right hair cosmetics for your hair type and certain hairstyles that pull on your hair can result in hair loss.

C. Environmental factors: High levels of stress, psychological disorders, junk food diet, smoking and air pollution are some causes of hair loss.

VI. Understanding Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss

Androgenetic alopecia is a common cause of hair loss. It is often referred to as male-pattern or female-pattern hair loss.

A. Difference between male and female pattern hair loss

Males can start to lose their hair after adolescence and it can continue for a long period of time. The hairline leaves a ring of hair at the bottom of the scalp and there is visible baldness around the top of the head starting from the temples. Male-pattern hair loss frequently results in baldness.

As a natural part of ageing, many women face hair loss all over the scalp. The hair starts thinning but does not lead to baldness very often. 

B. Prevalence and statistics

Hair fall caused due to androgenetic alopecia is prevalent across the world. Statistically, 15,000 per 100,000 women and 50,000 per 100,000 men experience patterned hair loss.

C. Underlying causes and hormonal influences 

Genetic susceptibility to the androgen DHT, or dihydrotestosterone, is the underlying cause of androgenetic alopecia. In women, the fluctuation of hormones during menopause causes hair loss. As levels of estrogen and progesterone decline, the effects of androgens – male hormones, increase. Hence, hair follicles shrink and cause the hair to become finer. 

VII. When to Seek Professional Help

If you begin to notice early signs of hair loss such as bald patches or a receding hairline, the best thing you can do to prevent any further hair loss is to consult a professional. 

  1. Temporary hair loss vs. chronic hair loss: Telogen effluvium, a type of temporary alopecia that does not leave scars and is brought on by changes in your mental or physical well-being, is the most common temporary hair loss. Stress is one of the most typical contributors. On the other hand, one of the most common chronic causes of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia. It is often referred to as male-pattern or female-pattern hair loss. 
  2. Importance of early diagnosis and intervention: If you are experiencing early signs of balding, it’s important to seek professional help so that you are able to keep most of your hair through treatment. There are many hair growth treatments today and you can look into the ones that will help your condition. 
  3. Consulting a dermatologist or trichologist: A specialist who focuses on the study of diseases or issues affecting the scalp and hair is known as a trichologist. Since there are so many causes of hair loss, it’s important to get the correct diagnosis. Hence, consulting a dermatologist for treatment might be a better option as they are medically trained. Dermatologists focus on the skin, hair, and nails.

VIII. Preventive Measures for Hair Loss

  • Maintaining a balanced diet and nutrition by avoiding oily, junk food and opting for natural foods.
  • Choose a basic shampoo for your hair type and avoid excessive styling with heat.
  • Managing stress and promoting your overall well-being.
  • Be gentle while brushing your hair.

IX. Treatment Options for Hair Loss

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine) is effective in the form of foam or shampoo and is an over-the-counter remedy. It helps regrowth and slows hair loss. 
  • For men, oral finasteride is an effective prescription medicine for regrowth. 
  • Opting for a hair transplant surgery after consulting a professional can help promote growth in thin or balding areas. Hair restoration involves oral medication and therapy to promote hair growth.

X. Embracing Hair Loss and Building Self-Confidence

Losing hair can have a detrimental effect on anyone, however, it’s important to note that it doesn’t mean the end of you having a love or social life. Tackling the situation and being practical about it can help you embrace your hair loss. Figuring out what style suits you and building self-confidence can be very helpful. It can be a beautiful journey and oftentimes, something you can share with others by going to emotional support groups and learning about other individuals and their experiences. 


How can I stop my hair loss?

A best dermatologist can help to find out the causes of hair loss and some over-the-counter remedies like Minoxidil can help you stop your hair loss.

How can I reduce my hair loss naturally?

Having a balanced and nutritious diet can help you reduce hair loss naturally.

Which vitamin deficiency causes hair loss?

A deficiency of Vitamin B12 causes hair loss.

Can B12 vitamins cause hair loss?

No, B12 vitamins can help with the regrowth of hair.

Which oil is best for hair fall?

Argan oil is the best to prevent hair fall.

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